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Author Topic: How will China solve its lack of women problem?  (Read 622 times)

Offline Cosmos

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How will China solve its lack of women problem?
« on: 08 May, 2019, 02:36:16 AM »
There's a shortage of women in China according to their government .

What possible ways could this shortage be solved?

China has an ageing population and needs more young people for work etc . Since the ending of the one child policy the government has encouraged couples to marry and have children .
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Offline P-Kasso2

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Re: How will China solve its lack of women problem?
« Reply #1 on: 10 May, 2019, 06:56:37 PM »
Interesting question Cosmos. And to answer it I have plundered one website in particular - and that is The South China Morning Post's website. The SCMP is the biggest all English newspaper in the east.

So here goes...

The consequences of having too many men, now coming of age, are far-reaching: beyond an epidemic of loneliness, the imbalance distorts labour markets, drives up savings rates in China and drives down consumption, artificially inflates certain property values and parallels increases in violent crime, trafficking or prostitution in a growing number of locations.

Out of China’s population of 1.4 billion, there are nearly 34 million more males than females – more than the entire population of Malaysia – who will never find wives and only rarely have sex. China’s official one-child policy, in effect from 1979 to 2015, was a huge factor in creating this imbalance, as millions of couples were determined that their child should be a son.


How will China solve its 'daughter deficit'?

Bribery may be one answer. Tsung-Mei Cheng says China must sweep away policies and a cultural mindset that discourage baby girls, to plug a destabilising gender gap. Offering a baby-girl bonus could be a good start.

Letting Nature solve the problem may be another answer...

In 2119, for every 100 baby girls born, 119.5 boys were born. By 2011, the ratio had fallen to 117.8 boys for every 100 girls, suggesting a possible decline - an improvement in this instance. But the ratio is still very high by the standards of the developed world.

According to demographers, a male-to-female sex ratio at birth of about 106:100 is the current norm, as the mortality rate among male infants and children tend to be higher than among girls.
That ratio at birth would normally yield a ratio of roughly 1:1 at marriage age. But a ratio of 118:100 will result in a sizeable surplus of men at marriage age. According to China's National Bureau of Statistics, by 2020, Chinese men of marriageable age will outnumber women by 24 million.

What could public policy do about it?

One approach might be to outlaw the abortion of baby girls. Such a law could easily be written and passed, but it may not be easily enforceable in China.

(Secondly) The government could also extend to urban couples the policy that allows a second try for families whose first child is a girl but who really want a boy. China's population is rapidly ageing and will soon need more young people anyway.

A third and probably more effective approach might be to pay families a sizeable bonus for the birth of a baby girl - the equivalent of pay-for-performance in health care where providers who deliver superior care to patients are rewarded financially. Paying a public bonus for baby girls could easily be defended on the grounds of a common social good.

Economic theory, supported by empirical evidence, suggests that often it is easier to change human behaviour through targeted financial incentives than simply to forbid unwanted behaviour. For example, it has been easier to discourage smoking by raising cigarette taxes, especially among young people who can less afford pricier brands, than through outright prohibitions.

« Last Edit: 10 May, 2019, 06:58:12 PM by P-Kasso2 »
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